What is pigmentation?
Pigmentation is discolouration or uneven skin tone on the skin. This can be due to so many facts, a damage on your melanocytes to produce the pigment called melanin, caused by UVA rays. These sunspots can take up to 20 years to develop meaning damaged caused when you were a child can only start showing in your adult years.
Post inflammatory pigmentation is caused by an injury, cut, scars and acne. This is triggered by the healing process and once for instance the cause is treated and has healed the pigment can last for months or years and then gradually fades away if treated with the right treatments and products.
Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy and contraceptive pills can also trigger dark spots or patches on the skin that usually shows on the cheeks, chin and forehead. This is called melisma and it is the most difficult to treat.
Common myths on curing pigmentation:
- Scrubbing or exfoliating the skin with rough facial cloths and sponges will remove dark paths – this actually irritates the skin and makes the pigment even worse.
- After doing treatments to remove pigmentation and its diminished its gone for good- anyone prone to pigmentation is more likely to develop it again, so must be on good products and treatments to avoid it from reoccurring.
- Hypo-pigmentation (white patches) is generic and untreatable- new updated treatments are now available to effectively treat.
- Sunscreen is only for people with pigmentation and for skin types 1-3 and skin types 5-6 do not pigment - prevention is better than cure, by using sunscreen you protect yourself from any UVA rays.
Chemical peeling and the use of retinoids helps gently exfoliate the skin and promote new even skin to generate. Lasers treatments target the pigment and breaks it down and remove it thorough the immune system. Skin lightening creams will prevent the release of pigmentation and over a period of time help the skin to renew itself and help even the skin out.
Written By Suzan
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