Hyperpigmentation is a common skin disorder with patients mostly commonly presenting with it on the face and hands but can occur anywhere on the body. Hyperpigmentation affects all skin phototypes, and both women and men can be affected.
Melanocytes are a type of cell that create a pigment called melanin in the skin, hair, and eyes.
An increase in the production of melanin darkens skin tone and leaves skin blotchy and uneven. Areas can small or large, and multiple body areas are often affected.
Common triggers of hyperpigmentation include:
- Skin inflammation and injuries (PIH)
- Hormones, including contraceptives, pregnancy and foods that are high in oestrogen.
- Sun exposure
- Heat exposure
- Blue light exposure
- Underlying medical conditions
Treatments include combinations of:
- Chemical peels
- IV Glow and Skin Brightening infusions
- Laser and fractional RF treatments
- Specialized skincare products
Facial areas as well as body areas can be treated (including areas such as eye area, elbows, knees, feet, underarms, inner thighs and genitals).
Pigmentation treatments do require maintenance specific to the area concerned and underlying cause.